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苏州新航道 > 雅思写作 > 3月26日雅思大作文示范写作 | 只有政府有责任解决住房短缺?

3月26日雅思大作文示范写作 | 只有政府有责任解决住房短缺?

来源:      浏览:      发布日期:2022-05-31 15:36

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2022年3月26日雅思大作文题目

The housing shortage in big cities can cause severe social consequences. Some people think only government action can solve this problem. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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高分范文及解析

Introduction

A conundrum besetting the general population is the housing deficit especially in metropolises. Some people claim that only the authority can resolve this crisis. Overall, I tend to agree with this view.

解析

非常老的一个话题,母题为城市规划urban planning. 今天我们采取非常规思路。题目虽然出现极端词only,但我们也可以提出“其他方”也能做出贡献,但最终都需要政府规划或出台政策。

Ø conundrum n. 问题

Ø beset vt. 困扰

Ø deficit n. 缺乏;不足

Ø metropolis n. 大都市

Body 1

Some opposing such a statement may assert that individuals can alleviate such tension by altering their traditional views or persuading others to migrate to some developing areas. This is mainly because the sea of people each year tend to flood into metropolitan areas, as they hold the conventional wisdom that only when dwelling in large cities can they seek for better job opportunities, which further incurs the scarcity of housing. Once average people change such a convention, the number of residents in modern cities will diminish, thus relieving the crisis. / However, although ordinary people can persuade others not to crowd into large cities, they are not empowered to force others to do so. In comparison, the government can issue certain subsidisation policies to make rural areas more attractive alternatives. 

解析

让步:有人认为造成住房短缺的主要原因是:人们都想往大城市涌,因此,个人可以改变自己观念,进而缓解住房短缺。//反驳:想法很难改变,且个人只能说服别人这么做,却不能强制。而政府可以出台政策,吸引人才去往周边不太发达的地区。

Ø assert vt. 断言,主张

Ø migrate vi. [尤指为找工作]移居,迁移

Ø metropolitan adj. 大城市的,大都会的

Ø (the) conventional wisdom n. [有时是错误的]公众意见,普遍看法

Ø scarcity n. 缺乏,不足

Ø crowd vi. 聚集,拥挤

Ø empower vt. 授权[某人或某组织做某事]

Body 2

Additionally, some may argue that property developers can also mitigate the problem by constructing more high-rise structures with a larger capacity or economical housing instead of unattached villas or terraced cottages. However, urban planning, with real estatedevelopment included, is a technical and political process concerned with the use of land, protection, public welfare, and so forth. Thus, it is not companies but authorities that have not only the ability to take every factor into consideration but also the power to decide what kind of housing to be built.

解析

让步:有人认为造成住房短缺的原因是:商家建的很多住房华而不实,容纳量小。因此,商家可以建更多较高的经济适用房。反驳:大城市的房屋建设涉及整体的城市规划,需要把很多因素考虑进去,并不是商家能决定怎么建,还是需要政府批复。

Ø property developer n. 地产开发商

Ø mitigate vt. 减轻,缓解,缓和

Ø real estate development n. 房地产开发

Body 3

Moreover, the effect of government action is much more extensive, as it can utilise its legislative and political power with which other parties are not equipped. Corresponding policies can only be issued by the administration to target diverse circumstances, such as imposing additional tax upon residents owning several houses and setting public rental housing for low or medium income citizens.

解析

进一步论证:政府的影响更为广泛,且具有其他方不具备的立法权,还能根据不同的情况出台相对应的政策,比如:多房征税、公租房等。

Ø extensive adj. 广泛的

Ø target vt. 以…为目标

Ø public rental housing n. 公租房

Conclusion

In light of the above, only the government can tackle the housing shortage despite the minor efforts of other parties.

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