来源： 浏览： 发布日期：2022-05-31 15:36
The housing shortage in big cities can cause severe social consequences. Some people think only government action can solve this problem. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
A conundrum besetting the general population is the housing deficit especially in metropolises. Some people claim that only the authority can resolve this crisis. Overall, I tend to agree with this view.
非常老的一个话题，母题为城市规划urban planning. 今天我们采取非常规思路。题目虽然出现极端词only，但我们也可以提出“其他方”也能做出贡献，但最终都需要政府规划或出台政策。
Ø conundrum n. 问题
Ø beset vt. 困扰
Ø deficit n. 缺乏；不足
Ø metropolis n. 大都市
Some opposing such a statement may assert that individuals can alleviate such tension by altering their traditional views or persuading others to migrate to some developing areas. This is mainly because the sea of people each year tend to flood into metropolitan areas, as they hold the conventional wisdom that only when dwelling in large cities can they seek for better job opportunities, which further incurs the scarcity of housing. Once average people change such a convention, the number of residents in modern cities will diminish, thus relieving the crisis. / However, although ordinary people can persuade others not to crowd into large cities, they are not empowered to force others to do so. In comparison, the government can issue certain subsidisation policies to make rural areas more attractive alternatives.
Ø assert vt. 断言，主张
Ø migrate vi. [尤指为找工作]移居，迁移
Ø metropolitan adj. 大城市的，大都会的
Ø (the) conventional wisdom n. [有时是错误的]公众意见，普遍看法
Ø scarcity n. 缺乏，不足
Ø crowd vi. 聚集，拥挤
Ø empower vt. 授权[某人或某组织做某事]
Additionally, some may argue that property developers can also mitigate the problem by constructing more high-rise structures with a larger capacity or economical housing instead of unattached villas or terraced cottages. However, urban planning, with real estatedevelopment included, is a technical and political process concerned with the use of land, protection, public welfare, and so forth. Thus, it is not companies but authorities that have not only the ability to take every factor into consideration but also the power to decide what kind of housing to be built.
Ø property developer n. 地产开发商
Ø mitigate vt. 减轻，缓解，缓和
Ø real estate development n. 房地产开发
Moreover, the effect of government action is much more extensive, as it can utilise its legislative and political power with which other parties are not equipped. Corresponding policies can only be issued by the administration to target diverse circumstances, such as imposing additional tax upon residents owning several houses and setting public rental housing for low or medium income citizens.
Ø extensive adj. 广泛的
Ø target vt. 以…为目标
Ø public rental housing n. 公租房
In light of the above, only the government can tackle the housing shortage despite the minor efforts of other parties.